selected terms: 454 page 2 of 23
21. ashlar
ashlar : Stones which have been cut square are called ashlar as opposed to rough stoned which have been quarried
22. backputty
backputty : The layer of putty which is put first in the sash bar before inserting the glass.
23. baluster
baluster : A column in a balustrade used to describe the posts supporting a handrail. See also 'banister'.
24. banister
banister : The posts supporting a handrail on a staircase. If turned in the form of ornamental columns they are more correctly termed 'balusters'.
25. barge board
barge board : The board at the top of a gable where the wall meets the rough edge. Also called a parge board.
26. base
base : The bottom of a wall or column.
27. batten
batten : A strip of wood, usually pine or fir, and between two and nine inches wide but less than nine inches.
28. bay
bay : Any part of a building cut off by timbers, buttresses, beams, etc. Especially used for sections of roof or floor between beams or arches.
29. bead
bead : Correctly refers to any small moulding in the form of beads on a string but is commonly used to describe small mouldings of other designs.
30. beam
beam : Any horizontal structure usually supported at each end. The term is therefore used to describe horizontal projection, whether load-bearing or not.
31. bed
bed : The horizontal surface of a stone. Also used to describe the large flat areas of a ceiling between beams.
32. binder
binder : The binder cements the pigment particles into a uniform paint film and makes the paint adhere to the surface. The nature and amount of binder determine most of the paint's More…
33. bittiness
bittiness : A description applied to paint coatings that exhibit bits of skin or other extraneous matter.
34. bituminous paint
bituminous paint : Dark-coloured paints or coatings based on natural bitumens dissolved in organic solvents. They can include paints containing petroleum asphalt but are not generally used More…
35. blasting
blasting : A method of pressure cleaning used to remove rust, millscale or paint coatings in poor condition using grit or water under pressure.
36. bleaching
bleaching : Loss of colour usually caused by exposure to sunlight.
37. bleeding
(bleeding : Soluble matter leeching out from a substrate or previous coating, causing discolouration of fresh paint, e.g. bitumen bleed or nicotine staining.) bleeding : Common causes of More…
38. blistering
blistering : A 'swelling' of the paint film into the form of blisters often caused by resinous exudation from timber or moisture in the substrate.
39. blistering of paint on plaster
blistering of paint on plaster : Blistering can occur on plaster if you overcoat solvent-based paints such as gloss or eggshell with a conventional emulsion in an area that suffers from More…
40. blooming
blooming : A greyish milky-coloured 'haze' appearing on the surface of the paint film usually caused by moisture attack during drying.blooming : This greyish, milky-coloured More…